Louis Bourgeois
Louis Bourgeois (composer)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Loys "Louis" Bourgeois (French: [buʁʒwa]; c. 1510 – c. 1560) was a French composer and music theorist of the Renaissance. He is most famous as one of the main compilers of Calvinist hymn tunes in the middle of the 16th century. One of the most famous melodies in all of Christendom, the Protestant doxology known as the Old 100th, is commonly attributed to him.

Next to nothing is known about his early life. His first publication, some secular chansons, dates from 1539 in Lyon. By 1545 he had gone to Geneva (according to civic records) and become a music teacher there. In 1547 he was granted citizenship in Geneva, and in that same year he also published his first four-voice psalms.

In 1549 and 1550 he worked on a collections of psalm-tunes, most of which were translated by Clément Marot and Théodore de Bèze. The extent to which he was composer, arranger or compiler was not certain, until a long-lost copy of the Genevan Psalter of 1551 came to the library of the Rutgers University. In an Avertissement (note) to the reader Bourgeois specifies exactly what his predecessors had done, what he had changed and which were his own contributions. He is one of the three main composers of the hymn tunes to the Genevan Psalter.

Unfortunately, he fell foul of local musical authorities and was sent to prison on December 3, 1551 for changing the tunes for some well-known psalms "without a license." He was released on the personal intervention of John Calvin, but the controversy continued: those who had already learned the tunes had no desire to learn new versions, and the town council ordered the burning of Bourgeois's instructions to the singers, claiming they were confusing. Shortly after this incident, Bourgeois left Geneva never to return: he settled in Lyon, his Geneva employment was terminated, and his wife tardily followed him to Lyon.

While in Lyon, Bourgeois wrote a fierce piece of invective against the publishers of Geneva. By 1560 he had moved to Paris. Curiously, his daughter was baptized as a Catholic, and also in 1560 a Parisian publisher produced a volume of secular chansons by the composer—a form he had condemned as "dissolute" during his Geneva years. This was his last publication during his lifetime.

No records of his life survive after 1560, even though most hymnals print his date of death as 1561.

Music and influence
Louis Bourgeois is the one most responsible for the tunes in the Genevan Psalter, the source for the hymns of both the Reformed Church in England and the Pilgrims in America. In the original versions by Bourgeois, the music is monophonic, in accordance with the dictates of John Calvin, who disapproved not only of counterpoint but of any multiple parts; Bourgeois though did also provide four-part harmonizations, but they were reserved for singing and playing at home. Many of the four-part settings are syllabic and chordal, a style which has survived in many Protestant church services to the present day.

Of the tunes in the Genevan Psalter, some are reminiscent of secular chansons, others are directly borrowed from the Strasbourg Psalter; The remainder were composed by successively Guillaume Franc, Louis Bourgeois and Pierre Davantès. By far the most famous of Bourgeois' compositions is the tune known as the Old 100th.

Gjør døren høy(T305)
Forfatter
Weissel, Georg
Komponist
Bourgeois, Louis
Oversetter
Holm, N.J
Komponert år
2012
Utgivelsesdato
2012-12-18
Utgiver
Cantando Musikkforlag AS
Produkt type
Digital vare
(Music XML)
14,35 NOK
16,88 NOK
(inkl. 25% MVA)
Lagersaldo
In stock

Gjer døri høg(T305NN)
Forfatter
Weissel, Georg
Komponist
Bourgeois, Louis
Oversetter
Blix, Elias, Landstad, M.B., Holm, N.J
Komponert år
2012
Utgivelsesdato
2012-12-18
Utgiver
Cantando Musikkforlag AS
Produkt type
Digital vare
(Music XML)
14,35 NOK
16,88 NOK
(inkl. 25% MVA)
Lagersaldo
In stock

Gjør døren høy, gjør porten vid(EKB70005I)
Arrangør
Steenberg, Per
Forfatter
Weissel, Georg
Komponist
Bourgeois, Louis
Oversetter
Blix, Elias, Landstad, M.B., Holm, N.J
Utgiver
Eide Forlag
Produkt type
Digital vare
(Music XML | PDF)
17,00 NOK
20,00 NOK
(inkl. 25% MVA)
Lagersaldo
In stock

Gjør døren høy, gjør porten vid(EKB70005II)
Arrangør
Goudimel, Claude
Forfatter
Weissel, Georg
Komponist
Bourgeois, Louis
Oversetter
Blix, Elias, Holm, N.J, Landstad, M.B.
Utgiver
Eide Forlag
Produkt type
Digital vare
(Music XML | PDF)
17,00 NOK
20,00 NOK
(inkl. 25% MVA)
Lagersaldo
In stock

Hør en lovsang, høye himler(EKB70157)
Arrangør
Goudimel, Claude
Forfatter
Kingo, Thomas
Komponist
Bourgeois, Louis
Utgiver
Eide Forlag
Produkt type
Digital vare
(Music XML | PDF)
17,00 NOK
20,00 NOK
(inkl. 25% MVA)
Lagersaldo
In stock

I Jesu navn går vi til bords(EKB70760I)
Arrangør
Steenberg, Per
Forfatter
Ukjent, Bredal, Nils
Komponist
Bourgeois, Louis
Utgiver
Eide Forlag
Produkt type
Digital vare
(Music XML | PDF)
17,00 NOK
20,00 NOK
(inkl. 25% MVA)
Lagersaldo
In stock

I Jesu navn går vi til bords(EKB70760II)
Arrangør
Goudimel, Claude
Forfatter
Ukjent, Bredal, Nils
Komponist
Bourgeois, Louis
Utgiver
Eide Forlag
Produkt type
Digital vare
(Music XML | PDF)
17,00 NOK
20,00 NOK
(inkl. 25% MVA)
Lagersaldo
In stock

Gjør døren høy, gjør porten vid(BS70005I)
Arrangør
Steenberg, Per
Forfatter
Weissel, Georg
Komponist
Bourgeois, Louis
Oversetter
Blix, Elias, Landstad, M.B., Holm, N.J
Utgiver
Eide Forlag
Produkt type
Digital vare
(Music XML | PDF)
10,63 NOK
12,50 NOK
(inkl. 25% MVA)
Lagersaldo
In stock

Hør en lovsang, høye himler(BS70157)
Arrangør
Goudimel, Claude
Forfatter
Kingo, Thomas
Komponist
Bourgeois, Louis
Utgiver
Eide Forlag
Produkt type
Digital vare
(Music XML | PDF)
10,63 NOK
12,50 NOK
(inkl. 25% MVA)
Lagersaldo
In stock

I Jesu navn går vi til bords(BS70760I)
Forfatter
Bredal, Nils, Ukjent
Komponist
Bourgeois, Louis
Utgiver
Eide Forlag
Produkt type
Digital vare
(Music XML | PDF)
10,63 NOK
12,50 NOK
(inkl. 25% MVA)
Lagersaldo
In stock

I Jesu navn går vi til bords(BS70760II)
Forfatter
Bredal, Nils, Ukjent
Komponist
Bourgeois, Louis
Utgiver
Eide Forlag
Produkt type
Digital vare
10,63 NOK
12,50 NOK
(inkl. 25% MVA)
Lagersaldo
In stock

FREU DICH SEHR(T-FreuDichAlE01F)
Produktkategorier
Organ - Chorale Preludes
Instrument
Orgel
Arrangør
Alnæs, Eyvind
Komponist
Bourgeois, Louis
Redaktør
Munthe-Kaas, Geir
Utgivelsesdato
2015-06-08
Utgiver
Ukjent
Produkt type
Digital vare
(PDF)
7,98 NOK
9,38 NOK
(inkl. 25% MVA)
Lagersaldo
In stock

FREU DICH SEHR(T-FreuDichDMH01F)
Produktkategorier
Organ - Chorale Preludes
Instrument
Orgel
Arrangør
Draagen, Magne Harry
Komponist
Bourgeois, Louis
Redaktør
Munthe-Kaas, Geir
Utgivelsesdato
2015-06-08
Utgiver
Ukjent
Produkt type
Digital vare
(PDF)
7,98 NOK
9,38 NOK
(inkl. 25% MVA)
Lagersaldo
In stock

FREU DICH SEHR(T-FreuDichEvC01F)
Produktkategorier
Organ - Chorale Preludes
Instrument
Orgel
Arrangør
Eva, Christopher
Komponist
Bourgeois, Louis
Redaktør
Munthe-Kaas, Geir
Utgivelsesdato
2015-06-08
Utgiver
Ukjent
Produkt type
Digital vare
(PDF)
7,98 NOK
9,38 NOK
(inkl. 25% MVA)
Lagersaldo
In stock

FREU DICH SEHR(T-FreuDichFeS01F)
Produktkategorier
Organ - Chorale Preludes
Instrument
Orgel
Arrangør
Feldhusen, Sylke
Komponist
Bourgeois, Louis
Redaktør
Munthe-Kaas, Geir
Utgivelsesdato
2015-06-08
Utgiver
Ukjent
Produkt type
Digital vare
(PDF)
7,98 NOK
9,38 NOK
(inkl. 25% MVA)
Lagersaldo
In stock

FREU DICH SEHR(T-FreuDichHSW01F)
Produktkategorier
Organ - Chorale Preludes
Instrument
Orgel
Arrangør
Holter, Stig Wernø
Komponist
Bourgeois, Louis
Redaktør
Munthe-Kaas, Geir
Utgivelsesdato
2015-06-08
Utgiver
Ukjent
Produkt type
Digital vare
(PDF)
7,98 NOK
9,38 NOK
(inkl. 25% MVA)
Lagersaldo
In stock

FREU DICH SEHR(T-FreuDichIrR01F)
Produktkategorier
Organ - Chorale Preludes
Instrument
Orgel
Arrangør
Irslinger, Rainer Gerhard
Komponist
Bourgeois, Louis
Redaktør
Munthe-Kaas, Geir
Utgivelsesdato
2015-06-08
Utgiver
Ukjent
Produkt type
Digital vare
(PDF)
7,98 NOK
9,38 NOK
(inkl. 25% MVA)
Lagersaldo
In stock

FREU DICH SEHR(T-FreuDichJaB01F)
Produktkategorier
Organ - Chorale Preludes
Instrument
Orgel
Arrangør
Janacek, Bedrich
Komponist
Bourgeois, Louis
Redaktør
Munthe-Kaas, Geir
Utgivelsesdato
2015-06-08
Utgiver
Ukjent
Produkt type
Digital vare
(PDF)
17,00 NOK
20,00 NOK
(inkl. 25% MVA)
Lagersaldo
In stock

FREU DICH SEHR(T-FreuDichLaT01F)
Produktkategorier
Organ - Chorale Preludes
Instrument
Orgel
Arrangør
Laub, Thomas
Komponist
Bourgeois, Louis
Redaktør
Munthe-Kaas, Geir
Utgivelsesdato
2015-06-08
Utgiver
Ukjent
Produkt type
Digital vare
(PDF)
7,98 NOK
9,38 NOK
(inkl. 25% MVA)
Lagersaldo
In stock

FREU DICH SEHR(T-FreuDichLyK01F)
Produktkategorier
Organ - Chorale Preludes
Instrument
Orgel
Arrangør
Lyngbye, Klaus
Komponist
Bourgeois, Louis
Redaktør
Munthe-Kaas, Geir
Utgivelsesdato
2015-06-08
Utgiver
Ukjent
Produkt type
Digital vare
(PDF)
7,98 NOK
9,38 NOK
(inkl. 25% MVA)
Lagersaldo
In stock

FREU DICH SEHR(T-FreuDichLyK02F)
Produktkategorier
Organ - Chorale Preludes
Instrument
Orgel
Arrangør
Lyngbye, Klaus
Komponist
Bourgeois, Louis
Redaktør
Munthe-Kaas, Geir
Utgivelsesdato
2015-06-08
Utgiver
Ukjent
Produkt type
Digital vare
(PDF)
7,98 NOK
9,38 NOK
(inkl. 25% MVA)
Lagersaldo
In stock

FREU DICH SEHR(T-FreuDichMAK01F)
Produktkategorier
Organ - Chorale Preludes
Instrument
Orgel
Arrangør
Mathiesen, Anne Kirstine
Komponist
Bourgeois, Louis
Redaktør
Munthe-Kaas, Geir
Utgivelsesdato
2015-06-08
Utgiver
Ukjent
Produkt type
Digital vare
(PDF)
7,98 NOK
9,38 NOK
(inkl. 25% MVA)
Lagersaldo
In stock

FREU DICH SEHR(T-FreuDichPTV01F)
Produktkategorier
Organ - Chorale Preludes
Instrument
Orgel
Arrangør
Pedersen, Thomas Viggo
Komponist
Bourgeois, Louis
Redaktør
Munthe-Kaas, Geir
Utgivelsesdato
2015-06-08
Utgiver
Ukjent
Produkt type
Digital vare
(PDF)
7,98 NOK
9,38 NOK
(inkl. 25% MVA)
Lagersaldo
In stock

FREU DICH SEHR(T-FreuDichPTV02F)
Produktkategorier
Organ - Chorale Preludes
Instrument
Orgel
Arrangør
Pedersen, Thomas Viggo
Komponist
Bourgeois, Louis
Redaktør
Munthe-Kaas, Geir
Utgivelsesdato
2015-06-08
Utgiver
Ukjent
Produkt type
Digital vare
(PDF)
7,98 NOK
9,38 NOK
(inkl. 25% MVA)
Lagersaldo
In stock

FREU DICH SEHR(T-FreuDichTøE01F)
Produktkategorier
Organ - Chorale Preludes
Instrument
Orgel
Arrangør
Tøsse, Eilert
Komponist
Bourgeois, Louis
Redaktør
Munthe-Kaas, Geir
Utgivelsesdato
2015-06-08
Utgiver
Ukjent
Produkt type
Digital vare
(PDF)
12,75 NOK
15,00 NOK
(inkl. 25% MVA)
Lagersaldo
In stock